Following the signing of the UNFCCC Treaty, parties to the UNFCCC met at Conferences of the Parties (COP) to discuss how to achieve the objectives of the Treaty. At the 1st Conference of the Parties (COP-1), Parties decided that the objective of stabilizing their emissions at 1990 levels by the year 2000 was “not appropriate” and further discussions at subsequent conferences culminated in the Kyoto Protocol in 1997. The Kyoto Protocol was concluded and legally binding international obligations were established for industrialized countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions during the period 2008-2012.  At the 2010 United Nations Climate Change Conference, an agreement was reached to limit future global warming to less than 2.0°C (3.6°F) from pre-administrative levels.  Action for Climate Empowerment (ACE) is a term adopted by the UNFCCC in 2015 to have a better name for this topic than “Article 6”. It refers to article 6 of the original text of the Convention (1992), which focuses on six priority areas: education and training, public awareness, public participation, public access to information and international cooperation on these issues. The implementation of the six domains was identified as a crucial factor for everyone to understand the complex challenges of climate change and participate in the solution. Ace calls on governments to develop and implement education and awareness programmes, train scientific, technical and senior personnel, promote access to information and promote public participation in the fight against climate change and its effects. It also urges countries to cooperate in this process by exchanging best practices and lessons learned and by strengthening national institutions. This wide range of activities is guided by specific objectives that together are considered crucial for the effective implementation of climate action and for the achievement of the unFCCC`s final objective.
 Global climate is an intrinsic part of the planetary commons. The Earth`s atmosphere includes all humans, creatures and habitats. Melting ice caps and glaciers, destroying rainforests, and pollution of water in one place can impact the environment elsewhere. As Pope John Paul II said, “We cannot interfere in one area of the ecosystem without paying due attention both to the consequences of such interventions in other areas and to the well-being of future generations.” 3 Responses to global climate change should reflect our interdependence and shared responsibility for the future of our planet. Individual nations must measure their own interest in the common good and contribute equitably to global solutions. The management of God`s creation and the right to economic initiative and private property Freedom and the capacity for moral decision-making are at the heart of what it means to be human. Stewardship – in this case defined as the ability to assume moral responsibility for the environment – requires freedom of action. The essential aspects of this management are the right to private initiative, ownership of property and the exercise of responsible freedom in the economic sector. Stewardship requires careful protection of the environment and challenges us to use our intelligence “to discover the productive potential of the Earth and the many different ways in which human needs can be met.” 4 We believe that economic freedom, initiative and creativity are essential to help our country find effective ways to fight climate change. The history of economic, technological and entrepreneurial innovation in the United States invites us to go beyond the status quo`s responses to this challenge.
Moreover, the right to private property goes hand in hand with the responsibility to serve what we have for the common good. Our Catholic tradition speaks of a “social mortgage” on property and, in this context, calls us to be good stewards of the land. .