Following the Commonwealth Heads of State and Government Meeting in Lusaka from 1 to 7 August 1979, the British government invited Muzorewa and patriotic Front leaders to a constitutional conference at Lancaster House. The aim of the conference was to discuss and agree on the terms of an independence constitution, to agree on the holding of elections under the supervision of the United Kingdom and to enable Rhodesia to achieve legitimate and internationally recognized independence, as the parties having settled their differences by political means. The agreement would lead to the dissolution of Zimbabwe`s unrecognized state of Rhodesia, created months earlier by the internal regime; an agreement between moderate black nationalists and the government of Prime Minister Ian Smith. While Zimbabwe-Rhodesia has not been recognized, the internal settlement has deprived the majority of blacks (so far the main British claim) and led to the election of the country`s first black prime minister. Another dimension of the Prime Minister`s reconciliation policy was the request to Lord Soames, who managed the country during the three months of the transition period, to join him in leading the country to independence. As part of a gentlemen`s agreement, Lord Soames remained governor until 18 April 1980, when the Union ceded Jack to the Zimbabwean flag. The agreement, signed on December 21, 1979.  Lord Carrington and Sir Ian Gilmour signed the agreement on behalf of the United Kingdom, Bishop Abel Muzorewa and Dr Silas Mundawarara signed for the government of Zimbabwe Rhodode and Robert Mugabe and Joshua Nkomo for the Patriotic Front. In concluding this agreement and signing its report, the parties committed: Tags: Diplomacy, FCO Historians, Joshua Nkomo, Lancaster House, Lancaster House Agreement, Margaret Thatcher, Rhodesia, Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe The three-month conference could hardly reach agreement due to differences on land reform. Mugabe was put under pressure to sign, and the country was the most important stumbling block. [Citation required] Both the British and American governments proposed to compensate white citizens for each country sold to support reconciliation (the “Willing Buyer, Willing Seller” principle) and to create a fund to operate from 1980 to 1990.
[Citation required] During its deliberations, the Conference reached agreement on the following issues: Forty years ago, on December 21, 1979, an agreement was signed at Lancaster House. This put an end to the illegal white-dominated regime dominated by Rhodesia since the Unilateral Declaration of Independence (IDU) in 1965 and inaugurated the newly independent state of Zimbabwe. The Lancaster House Agreement was an early diplomatic success for Margaret Thatcher`s new Conservative government and remains one of the most remarkable achievements of British diplomacy since World War II. Mugabe argues that the country remains a problem because the Lancaster House agreement of 1979 was imposed on him to end white rule in former Rhodesia. and Britain`s betrayal of the promises it has made to secure a solution. Mugabe and Joshua Nkomo led the delegation of liberation fighters to the talks. From the beginning, Nkomo said that the return of the country to a majority was essential to his cause: “What will be the future of the country?” he asked the British. Views recorded on cambridge core between March 20, 2017 and December 11, 2020. This data is updated every 24 hours.